Spain arose from an area originally called Hispania, speaking their own language, which gradually became recognized as Castilian Spanish. Hispanic areas therefore become parts of Mexico, Central America, and those parts of Southern America where Spanish is spoken. Brazil is not an Hispanic country; the dominant language there is Portuguese not Spanish.
- The Definition of Hispanic
- The Definition of Latino
Latino in common everyday use designates someone from a Hispanic or Brazilian culture. It is more inclusive than the term Hispanic. There is no insult in being called a Latino, but it is a very generic term, in much the same way an Indian, a Chinese and a Korean could all be called Asian.
Cultural sensitivities make it better to name someone as a Nicaraguan or Argentinean rather than the much broader Latino, which fails to take in the massive cultural diversity of the world it describes.
There is far more ethnicity in the Latino 'region' than meets the eye. It is easy to cause an insult with the term if you consider that you can call a Spaniard or a Frenchman a Latino, even though their respective cultures are considerably different.