The mongols! While riding a horse with their bare feet.
They could fight out second and third places. The winner would undoubtedly be Robin Hood.
I am going to say the Native American. They used archery in daily life for food as well as war. From what little I saw on th internet, the 17th century Samurai only used archery as a personal sport, as guns had been introduced in the century prior to that making archry obsolete.
I'd vote with DDX ... The Mongols.
Unless one of these guys participated: