What Does Stone Age Mean?


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Lakshmipriya Nair Profile
Stone Age is a prehistoric period or time. It refers to the earliest known time in human culture. This time dates back to a time even before the discovery of metals and metal working. The main or primary material that was used by man during this stage was stone and hence this age is known as Stone Age. Stone Age is divided into three stages known as Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic by the archaeologists. This period stretched from 300,000BC to 2,000BC. Stone Age was followed by Bronze Age and the Iron Age which heralded the arrival of the metals.

The evolution of humans began with the Stone Age and proceeded to the development of agriculture, domestication and civilization. Stone Age man was a primate and his main occupation was food gathering and hunting for their survival. He mainly used stones but also knew about bones and wood. People living in the Stone Age either lived in caves or on tree tops. This period is known as prehistoric because it refers to a time when man had not yet learnt the art of writing.
Gillian Smith Profile
Gillian Smith answered
The stone age is refered to as the Paleolithic - This is sub- divided into the upper middle and lower paleolithic.
In the British Isles the Meslothic began around 8,000BC when the ice retreated from this part of the world and the land was re-colonized by humans, animals and plants, it is regarded as a transition stage between the paleolithic and what is known as the Neolithic ( new stone age) which preceesed the Bronze Age.

Many paleolithic sites or found in caves as these provided a good natural shelter. Some paleolithic cave sites also reveal burials which archaeologists suggest show a belief in an after ife and great respect for the dead. One such cave is at Paviland in South Wales. Cave art is also a feature of the paleolithic and is found in a high form in Spain and France. This cave art helps us see what sort of animals paleolithic people hunted and possibly some of the rituals they performed. Excavations from paleolithic sites help the archaeologist to put together a picture of these people and the plants and animals they used for food and clothes. Many animals which lived in the paleolithic are now extinct. The paleolithic was a time before people had dicovered the use of metals - a more settled life style was more favourable for the development of an economy which included metallurgy. The period preceeding the Bronze Age is sometimes called the chalcolithic.

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