When Was Oil Discovered In Alaska?


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Amman Aamir Profile
Amman Aamir answered

When white men first went to Alaska, they found Eskimos, Aleuts, and Indians living there. In fact, Alaska was one of the last large areas of the world to be discovered and explored by white men.
In the early eighteenth century, the Russians were moving through Siberia to the Pacific Ocean. In 1728, Vitus Bering, a Dane in the service of the Russian navy, sailed east from Kanchatka. He drifted along ' St. Lawrence Island, but failed to reach the Alaska mainland. In 1741, Bering led a second expedition in two small ships.
One ship, the St. Peter, was under his command, and the St. Paul was commanded by A1oxei Chrikov. The two ships were separated during a storm, but both reached Alaska.
For the next two hundred years, Russian fur traders hunted fur-.bearing animals throughout Alaskan waters. They established many settlements, and in some of these places the quaint churches built by Aleuts and Indians under the guidance of Russian missionary priests can still be seen.
Later on, sea captains from Spain, France, and Great Britain explored the Alaska coast. But it was the Russians who used Alaska as a source of fur, and millions of these furs were sent by the Russians to European capitals. Then some of the fur-bearing animals began to be wiped out, and by the 1820's the Russians began to leave the Alaskan coast.
The Russian tsar, Alexander II, was not very interested in- Alaska. William H. Seward, secretary of state under Abraham Lincoln, urged the -United States to buy Alaska from the Russians. In 1867, the Alaskan territory was sold to the United States for $7,200,000. It was bought at less than two cents an acre! Today, Alaska is not only the 49th state in the United States, but its value to this country could hardly be measured in dollars!
Steve Theunissen Profile
The presence of oil in Alaska was noticed by the Russians, for mention of it appears in their records as early as the 1860's. Americans learned of the black liquid here around 1880, after the purchase of the land from Russia. The first oil claims were staked in 1897. Perhaps the Eskimos deserve credit for the earliest "discoveries" of oil in the Arctic, since they "mined" chunks of oil seeps and burned them to thaw their driftwood.
Some serious interest in this oil was entertained at the turn of the century, but what started to be a boom ended abruptly in 1904 when oil seekers were intrigued by the new wells in Texas and California. Oil exploration has proceeded on a small scale ever since those days. In the 1950's the United States Navy did some drilling in this part of the world. However, the program was given up because of climate and inaccessibility

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