The Fourteenth Amendment was written in order to guarantee the repayment of the national debt; however, the Confederate debt was prohibited from claiming repayment. The amendment has provisions that state that any person born in the United States is automatically considered a citizen, and every law should apply to all people and is not based on race. This means that if an action is illegal for a black American, it is illegal for a white American as well.
To grant citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states from denying any person life, liberty or property, without due process of law or to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of its laws.