How You Define The Classical Or Traditional Approach To The Study Of International Politics?


2 Answers

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Give a critical review of validity of traditional approaches analyzing modern international system
Hassan Raza Profile
Hassan Raza answered
In other words the traditional approach is basically normative, qualitative and value judgement approach. According to Grieves, the value of a work based on this approach is "usually measured by the reputation of the scholar, the extent to which his or her judgement is trusted, the evidence of thorough research, and the lucidity with which the discussion is presented, or the nerves touched with an eloquent or moving philosophical discourse". The traditional approach was adopted by most of the scholars till the scientific approach made its appearance. It nourished two dominant scholars of international political thought; "idealism" and "realism" and greatly contributed to the sophisticated understanding of the nature and determinants of international relations.

The classical approach is also known as traditional approach. This approach was in vogue till the middle of the present century, even though at present certain writers continue to subscribe to this approach. These writers mainly made descriptive analysis of international relations. The main objective of the scholars adopting traditional approach was "to report and analyses current international problems and to speculate on these sources and outcomes of various policy alternatives for specific stales or for international organization."

According to Kedley Bull the traditional approach is "the approach to theorizing that derives from philosophy, history and law, and that is characterized above all by explicit reliance upon the exercise of judgement and by the assumptions that if we confine ourselves to strict standards to verification and proof there is very little of significance that can be said about international relations that general propositions about this subject must therefore derive from a scientifically imperfect process of perception or intuition, and that these general propositions cannot be accorded anything more than the tentative and inconclusive status appropriate, to their doubtful origin.

Answer Question