Why Was The Khilafat Movement Founded ? How Important Was The Khilafat Movement ? Explain Your Answer


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zain 123 Profile
zain 123 answered
During the ww1 british wanted its support from the Indians to fight against Germany & Turkey. The muslims saw the khalifa of the ottaman empire as a religious figure head and so this not enlist for the war. British seeing this promised to respect the khalifa after the war was over. This caused many Indians to support the British in the war.
The british divided germany and announced the treaty of serves.This caused great resentment amongst the Muslims & so KHilafat movement was founded to save the Caliph.
It is also a fact that Khilafat movement was also formed because of deep seated Muslim distrust of British. Afghanistan & persia were ruled by Russia & British according to their will. The MUSlims in the subcontinent feared that the bristish would take over Turkey & thus would rule other Muslim states such as Makkah & Madinah. So this movement was formed as a result.

Gandhi along with Congress wanted to revenge the british for the Amritsar massacre. They also wanted to show that India was able for self-government & muslims & hindus are 1 nation. He wanted to prove 1 nation theory And so he joined the khilafat movement in the form of a no-cooperation movement. As a result many children left school, workers left their jobs, and british cloth was burned.

The policy of non-cooperation united Hindus & muslims towards a common aim that was to gain independence. It showed the hatred of Indians towards british rule and can be seen as the first step towards independence.
The Khilafat Movement made Muslims realise that they had political power. They come to belive that they don't need to depend on the british or the Hindus for their rights. Thus the Khilafat Movement can be seen as a fore runner to the pakistan movement.

Many children had left their studies as a result of non-cooperation. Many people had left their jobs and thus it affected them badly. The Muslims who migrated to afghanistan after India being called dar-ul-harb sufferd badly as they could not buy their property back after being rejected by the afghanis.Many died on the way back to india.
The khilafat movement divided Hindus & muslims futher apart. An attack bye moupla to the chauri chura policemen along with ending the khilafat movemnt by gandhi seriously affected the relations between the  communities. Communal rioting occurred and both the communities lost trust in the other.

On the whole Khilafat movement had more advantages than disadvantages. It can rightly be called the for runner to the pakistan movemnt as the Muslims realised their status & came to know that they had to fight for their rights. They come to believe that they are not the pets of the British & does not have to depend upon hindus for their rights. Khilafat movemnt although had some disadvantages like Muslims suffering as a result of Failure of the migration to afghanictan, but these sufferings led to pakistan being created.
Hassan Raza Profile
Hassan Raza answered
In 1919, the Muslims of India launched a vigorous movement for the safeguard of Ottoman Caliphate in Turkey. This movement, though had to meet a failure in the long run, produced far reaching effects on the historical developments of the subcontinent. After the holocaust of 1857, it was the first occasion that the Muslims of India, with the cooperation of Hindus made a bold political front against the British rulers. In order to know how Khilafat Movement was started, it is essential to have a view of its historical background.

Historical Factors:

To Muslims Khilafat has always been an Islamic Government in its true sense. It has been the doctrine of Sunni Muslims - the sect who formed majority among the Muslims of India - that the first four caliphs, known as Khulfa-I-Rashidm, strictly followed the precedents and traditions established by the Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him). It was, therefore, quite natural that they held great respect and devotion for Khilafat. No doubt this caliphate gradually turned into worldly kingdom, but even then it retained its position as the centre and authority of the Islamic World. We, therefore, observe that except the Umayyad Kingdom of Spain all the Muslim domains directly or indirectly gave their recognition to the authority of caliphates.

With the end of the Abbasid period and the succession of Ottoman caliph, the Muslims all over the world held deep in their hearts the respect and devotion for it. Although the Mughal emperors of India did not recognize the authority of the Ottoman caliphs yet Muslims in general over there had in their hearts a great regard for them and after the fall of Mughal Empire the names of Ottoman Caliphs were recited in 'Juma' prayers in most of the mosques over here.

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