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How Does A Case Go Through The US Federal Court System?

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There are basically three tiers of Courts in the Federal Judicial system of the United States. The highest is the United States Supreme Court; below it are the Court of Appeals and finally the United States district Courts. The United States Bankruptcy courts exist at the same level as the District Courts but deal exclusively with bankruptcy. Bankruptcy courts cannot be filed in any other court even at the state level.

There are federal courts in every state and in a total of ninety four federal districts. The courts hear all cases of federal jurisdiction including those of civil and criminal categories. The appeals that are made end up in one of the twelve circuits of United States Court of Appeals into which the ninety four districts are organised. Finally the Supreme Court only hears on matters related to federal and constitutional laws. The Supreme Court has the discretion to decide which cases it will hear on.

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