What Constitutional Changes Did Joseph II Of Austria Make?


1 Answers

Richard Marsden Profile
Richard Marsden answered
As soon as Joseph came to the throne in 1780, he refused the coronation ceremony in Hungary and transferred the Crown of St Stephen from Budapest to Vienna. Not only did all the internal reforms made by Joseph apply to Hungary, the Emperor also dismantled all traditional forms of government and replaced them with the hierarchy of authorities. The diets were suppressed and county officials lost their authority.

Austrian bureaucrats took charge in a number of newly formed districts. These setbacks for the traditional country of Hungary made the aristocracy and the nobility furious. They were particularly opposed to the replacement of private courts of justice with new courts run by Austrian judges as well as the implementation of German as the governmental language. In 1789, the country was on the brink of revolt and the people opposed Joseph's reforms until his death, even though he did retreat somewhat when he agreed to summon the Hungarian Parliament.

Answer Question