When was Winston Churchill Prime Minister?


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Mark Henderson answered
Winston Churchill (1874 - 1965) held office as British Prime Minister twice: From the 10th May 1940 - 27th July 1945, and again between 26th October 1951 - 7th April 1955. He is best known for his role as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the Second World War.

Churchill's political career began in 1900 when he was elected as the Conservative MP to Oldham. Prior to becoming Prime Minister, he held other positions in cabinet including Secretary of State for War, Secretary of State for Air and Chancellor of the Exchequer.

Outside his political life, Churchill was also an esteemed historian, writer and soldier. Upon joining the army he became both an officer and war correspondent, writing accounts of many late 19th and early 20th century conflicts. His combat journalism took him to places as far-flung as Sudan, Cuba, India and South Africa, earning him a considerable amount of fame (and money) back home.

Following the failure of Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement Churchill was appointed Prime Minister. Churchill said of Chamberlain, "You were given the choice between war and dishonor. You chose dishonor, and now you will have war."

Churchill retired as Prime Minister in 1955, due to a minor stroke - but remained in parliament as a back-bench MP until 1964. In early 1965, he suffered a more severe stroke which left him fatally ill.

Winston Churchill died at his home nine days later at the age of 90, and was granted a state funeral service, which saw one of the largest assemblages of statesmen in the world.

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