The Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 devastated coastal communities, predominately in the south-east (the state of Tamil Nadu was particularly affected) and India for a while was the third-worst affected country: Over 10,000 people died in India alone and a large proposition of the 985,000 people may experience symptoms such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression.
With this in mind, in the immediate aftermath, The Tsunami Relief and Rehabilitation Coordination was established in January 2005 to organize state level discussions on state-civil society partnership, observing human rights and the situation for tsunami-affected children.
The Indian Prime Minister's National Relief Fund was established by Manmohan Singh to help fund the relief effort.
As well as dealing with the considerable internal problems, the Indian Ministry of External Affairs, in partnership with the Indian defence forces and the Home Ministry, coordinated relief operations to other badly affected countries such as Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia.
Further down the line, India played an important role in the meetings and conferences of UNISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction) as its Incident Command System (ICS) (an all-hazards system used to swiftly launch clear and operative expertise and coordination power in emergencies) has been used successfully for years in India as well as the US. Improvements have been made to this system since.
NGOs (Non-Government organisations) have been allowed to work on identifying practical steps to guarantee that civic concerns are better incorporated into public strategies.
Booklets on Tsunami awareness, using an old Japanese story "Inamura-no-hi" about tsunamis have been distributed.
India has worked with UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) to develop community-based approaches and start initiatives to evaluate community-based mechanisms for disaster preparation and to fortify propagation mechanisms of early warnings to populations as well as record and circulate lessons learned and good practices for 2004. This goes hand in hand with All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) and UNISDR work on spreading micro-finance initiatives as they help in tsunami risk mitigation and speed recovery in affected areas.