The RMS Titanic was the largest passenger steam liner of her time. She was built in Belfast, Ireland, at the Harland and Wolff Shipyard.
The Titanic set to sail for New York on the 10th of April, 1912 with 2,223 people on board.
The ship hit an iceberg four days into its crossing on the 14th of April 1912, and sank the following morning on the 15th of April 1912.
The majority of the casualties were due to the fact that the ship was carrying lifeboats for only 1,178 people and, as the ship’s crew emphasized the "women and children first” protocol, the passengers who died were mainly men. Many died of hypothermia, as the temperature of the water was -2º C (28º F), in which death occurs in about 15 minutes.
The RMS Titanic was built by implementing the newest technologies of its time. It was engineered by the most famed engineers and was boasted of as being the "unsinkable” ship.
The irony of the whole tragedy was the fact that the ship sank on her maiden voyage. The media coverage at the time, due to the high loss of life, created an unprecedented popularity and interest in the Titanic’s case.
As news of the disaster spread, people were more and more shocked, and at the same time interested in the luxury liner’s sinking, given that it tragically sank despite all its technological advances. "Of the total 2,223 passengers on board the RMS Titanic, only 706 people survived" which is less than a third of the passengers.
Men and passengers in the 2nd and 3rd class decks were less likely to survive. 92% of the male passengers in 2nd class died, and less than a quarter passengers in 3rd class survived.
Interest in the RMS Titanic has carried on until today, and many researchers and enthusiasts have spent a huge amount of time in trying to understand the reasons why the ship sank so suddenly.
The RMS Titanic became a legend, and the victims of its the tragic sinking became seen as heroes.