How Are Government Policies Developed?


3 Answers

Connor Sephton Profile
Connor Sephton answered
It all depends what country you're in, but what you must remember is that policies are generally created by the incumbent government and are discussed in the legislature. This is the branch of government in most modern democracies that deals with the law. If a policy is passed then it becomes government policy, and this in turn becomes law.

It all depends on the legislative branch. In most modern democracies, the policy will receive intense scrutiny and there must be a vote amongst the people that represent the nation in the legislature to see whether these policies are carried through into law.

The policies are initially drawn up by people appointed within political parties, however, and they largely reflect the ideology that is rife within that particular party. During the general election, the electorate will vote for the party or the person that they believe is best able to run the country. Once a party has been voted into power then government policies can be put into place, and the general position of the country will change over the term that the government can serve.

Policy is a democratic and inherently political, so it's a very touchy area. Ultimately, policies must be made and implemented, however.

In recent years, the United Kingdom government has provided increasing amounts of support for the need for evidence-based policy. By using evidence-based policies, policy makers are able to make more informed and intelligent decisions about the possible impact of these policies. Some government researchers have been striving, too, to be able to provide superior sources of evidence through the use of gold standard research methods. These are known to include 'randomized control trials'. The inherently political environment that create policies however, have meant that the ideals aren't necessarily achievable.
Ray Dart Profile
Ray Dart answered
In the UK. Firstly you need a rich kid that has never done any real work in his life and you put him in charge of a government department. Then another rich kid who has also done no real work in his life tells him to come up with policies that will make the middle and upper classes wealthier whilst ensuring that the vast majority of the working population stay in what is considered to be their "proper place". For example - the more than doubling of tuition fees, the increase in VAT (a broken promise that seems to be forgotten), overpriced transport costs. The creation and development of a banking system that ensures that only the wealthy can now get on the housing ladder. Call me cynical?

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