What Is Relativism And Utilitarianism?


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Richard Marsden Profile
Richard Marsden answered
Some individuals base their ideas surrounding this issue on relativism, which is a collection of theories that allow the end result to be the judge of the morality of the action.

One branch of this liberal viewpoint is Utilitarianism which promotes the theory that a good action will achieve the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. The theory was founded by Jeremy Bentham who said: 'By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to argument or diminish the happiness whose interest is in question or to promote or oppose that happiness'. John Stuart Mill developed the Utilitarianism theory after the death of Bentham. He tended to focus on the issue of pleasure in relation to happiness. 'It is quite compatible with the principle of utility to recognise the fact, that some kinds of pleasure are more desirable and more valuable than others.'
Xiaokang Song Profile
Xiaokang Song answered
There are many define for relativism, the  philosophical define is  that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involvedUtilitarianism is that one should act so as to maximize the amount of happiness in the world

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