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What Is Modernization?

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Deborah Mann Profile
Deborah Mann answered
Modernization is a relatively new term in the language, having first surfaced during the Age of Enlightenment in the 18th Century. It refers to the ability of people in a society to develop and change for the better of all.  One of the premises many make is that modernization in the form of technical and economic advancements will change a society's moral and cultural values, and that has been seen in places such as England, the United States, and virtually every country that is not 3rd world. 

Many people look at the Industrial Revolution of the 19th Century as the start of modernization in England, America, and many other European countries. Factories that could mass produce cheap goods such as clothing and employ hundreds or thousands of people helped to create a new working class and put money in the pockets of many people who had virtually nothing before. This mass of factory workers stimulated their local economies and created more opportunities for growth. 

With the modernization and Industrial Age also came several fresh sets of problems, many of which we are still dealing with today. Labor relations and fair treatment of all workers was a problem that stretched into the 20th Century before most of those problems were addressed and factory pollution is a problem that did not begin to be addressed until the middle of the last century.

Today the internet is driving many of modernization trends in the world. It has changed the way people communicate, think, research, and learn, as well as the way several companies do business. A company that can make use of the newest technology and move quickly on opportunities when they present themselves are firms that will last. Those not adapting quickly will be firms and businesses that do not live to see the 22nd Century in all likelihood.
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Anonymous answered
Modernization is the process in which a society goes through Urbanization, Industrialization,and other forms of social changes that completely transforms the life of an individual.
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Anonymous answered
Modernization is encompassing many different disciplines as it seeks to explain how society progresses, what variables affect that progress, and how societies can react to that progress. Modernization theory focuses specifically on a type of modernization thought to have originated in Europe during the 17th century, which brought social mores and technological achievements into a new epoch
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Anonymous answered
Modernization is not westernization. It is thus a scintifically ratonally change in society.

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