What Was The Cold War, And Which Countries Were Involved?

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Samantha Mitchell Profile
The Cold War refers to a period of time from 1945 to 1990, and its main protagonists were the United States and the former Soviet Union.

The end of World War II saw the Red Army stay behind in countries in which they had vanquished the Germans, and this raised tensions between the Soviet Union and the rest of the world.

The Soviet Union even blockaded the city of Berlin for a period of time in 1946, but the Allies got around this blockade by flying supplies into the city. After this, tensions grew higher and higher for a number of years.

The high point of tensions in the Cold War came in 1962, when it was discovered that the Soviet Union was building missile sites in Cuba, just 75 miles from the shores of America.

President John F. Kennedy ordered a naval blockade to stop the shipment of missiles to the island nation, and declared that any attack from Cuban shores would be regarded as an attack by the Soviet Union on the United States.

After a few tense days, the Soviet Union backed down and dis-assembled the missiles and the missile launch sites. The situation is referred to in the history books today as the Cuban Missile Crisis, and is thought to be the very closest the world has ever come to a full-blown nuclear war.

There was such military build-up during these years that both the United States and the Soviet Union had enough nuclear warheads to blow up the entire planet.

During the 80s, the Soviet Union slowly modernized, though, and the Communist government was eventually overturned, thus ending the Cold War.

The weapons from the Cold War still exist to this day, however, so the danger of nuclear attack is still present, and may be worse with supervision of the sites in Russia now being lax, compared to what it was.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The term 'Cold War' describes the global struggle for power and prestige between the United States (and its allies, notably Britain) and the Soviet Union, along with the Communist Bloc in eastern Europe (the countries behind the so-called 'iron curtain') that it created and led. 

This 'war' lasted from the end of World War Two until the break-up of the Communist bloc in 1989, a process which culminated in the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. 

The Cold War was also representative of an ideological struggle between Communism and Capitalist democracy. The term derives from the fact that the two global superpowers of the U.S and Soviet Union never actually engaged in a direct war with each other - nuclear war was a powerful deterrent here - but instead competed via an arms race, both conventional and nuclear, and through networks of military alliances, economic and trade conflict, espionage, propaganda, supporting opposing sides in civil wars and even the space race. 

The Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 was the closest the super-powers ever got to direct war.     

The Communist or Eastern Bloc comprised Bulgaria, East Germany (including East Berlin), Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and, until the early 1960s, Albania.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Plain and simple, the Cold War was an arms race between the United States and the USSR (Soviet Union).

The following countries were all involved in some way:

Conflicts of the Cold War

1.1 Greece (1947)
1.2 Italy (1948)
1.3 Berlin (1948-1949)
1.3.1 Study Questions
1.4 Korean War (1950-1953)
1.4.1 Study Questions
1.5 Space Race (1957-1975)
1.6 Iran (1951-1953)
1.7 Guatemala (1954)
1.8 Indochina (1954-1961)
1.9 Suez Crisis (1956)
1.10 Lebanon (1958)
1.11 Cuba (1959-1963)
1.12 Zaire (1960-1961)
1.13 Iraq (1963)
1.14 Ecuador (1963)
1.15 Cambodia/Laos (1962-1975)
1.16 Brazil (1964)
1.17 Indonesia (1965)
1.18 Dominican Republic (1965)
1.19 Ghana (1966)
1.20 Greece (1967)
1.21 Bolivia (1968)
1.22 Prague Spring (1968)
1.23 Vietnam (1965-1973)
1.24 Cambodia (1970)
1.25 Bolivia (1971)
1.26 India/Pakistan (1971)
1.27 Chile (1973)
1.28 Angola (1974-1989)
1.29 Cambodia (1975-1979)
1.30 Argentina (1976)
1.31 Yemen (1979-1984)
1.32 Honduras (1979-1985)
1.33 Afghanistan (1979-1989)
1.34 Nicaragua (1979-1989)
1.35 El Salvador (1979-1989)
1.36 Jamaica (1980)
1.37 Seychelles (1981)
1.38 Grenada (1983)
1.39 Fiji (1987)
1.40 Panama (1989)
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The Cold War was the time when The U.S and the Soviet Union were still fighting against each other, but were too afraid to actually fight each other - and so they just fought indirectly.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The term "Cold War" means that nothing was fired, but that doesn't mean that nothing happened during the Cold War. The Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban missile crisis, and the space race all happened during the Cold War.

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