The significant events that took place under the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, which began in 1558 and ended with her death in 1603, were as follows:
Many playwrights and poets such as William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson and Christopher Marlowe became famous, Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe. Francis Bacon laid out his philosophical and political views, the British East India Company and the Trinity College in Dublin, Ireland got their Royal Charters. Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Humphrey Gilbert led the British settlers to North America, a new privy Council was set up, many religious conflicts and judicial cases were solved, conflicts with France and Scotland arose, rebellion on the part of the Catholics increased because Queen Elizabeth I (a Protestant) wanted to establish the Protestant Church. There was an uprising called the Northern Rebellion, there were conflicts with Spain and Ireland and Queen Elizabeth I was excommunicated by Pope Pius V.