What Were The Causes And Effects Of The Korean War?


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Yo Kass Profile
Yo Kass answered
The Korean War began in 1950 following hostilities between Communist North Korea (or the Democratic People's Republic of Korea) and American-backed South Korea (Republic of Korea). The two countries were actually only created following the Battle of the Pacific towards the end of World War II, and previously existed as one entity.
60 years on, the conflict between the two nations is considered to be in a state of 'armistice' or ceasefire - because a peace treaty between them was never signed.

Causes of the Korean War

It could be suggested that the principal cause for the Korean War was actually the political tensions that were building up between the Soviet Union and the United States following the allied victory in World War II.

Following the surrender of Japan, the allied forces decided to divide the Korean peninsula (which was previously under Japanese control) into two separate occupied territories along the 38th parallel of latitude. The Soviet tanks rolled into the Northern half of the peninsula, whilst the South fell under American control.

The division was only meant as a temporary measure to give the main political players (Soviet Union, China, US, and UK) time to arrange for a united government- but this never materialized.

Although communist elements had secretly existed in Korea during the Japanese reign, (under Soviet rule), North Korea fully developed into a communist state whilst South Korea began developing a capitalist economy in line with the American model.
The temporary boarder between the two began turning into a political boundary and, on the 25th of June 1950, (and following several minor conflicts), the border was breached by North Korean forces in an attempt to reunite Korea under a communist flag. The North was supported in its efforts by China and the Soviet Union, whilst the United States and the United Nations supported the South Korean resistance.

Effects of the Korean War

Whilst the effects of any war are usually lengthy enough to fill an entire book, it is possible to list some of the more pertinent points relating to the aftermath of the Korean War:
  • China (and its leader Mao Zedong) emerged with a sense of pride at having fought what it considered its 'American Enemy' to a stalemate. Mao also reckoned it was his country's involvement in the Korean War that earned him the approval of Stalin.
  • America became more committed to ensuring Taiwan didn't fall under Chinese control (an issue still pertinent to this day)
  • The Korean War was the first example of African American soldiers fighting in racially integrated units under the US army
  • South Korea's economy struggled until the 1960s when its economy boomed. North Korea remains an underdeveloped nation in modern times.
  • Anti-American sentiment grew in Korea due to behaviour of American Military personnel based in the country
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Causes of the Korean war
The Korean War took place between two opposing Korean regimes. From the 7th century Korea existed as a single country. After the war between China and Japan in 1894-1895, certain parts of Korea were occupied by Japan. The Japanese conquered the whole of Korea in August 1910. Towards the conclusion of World War II, both the United States and the Soviet Union occupied the Korean peninsula.

The United States approached the United Nations to resolve the issue of a divided Korea. A United Nations Commission decided to hold elections in Korea. The communists in North Korea refused to allow the election. The communists in South Korea boycotted it. The government in South Korea was formed by the anti-communist Syngman Rhee. The Soviet Union put Kim ll-Sung as head of North Korea. The North Korean Army invaded South Korea on June 25 1950. The Chinese entered the war for acquiring strategic depth. They wanted to use North Korea as a buffer against possible US invasion. The United States wanted to stop the spread of communism. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism to as many countries as possible. The armistice of 27 July 1953 ended the fighting in Korea. The armistice was a temporary cease-fire and not a treaty of peace. It reflected the realization by all the involved parties that neither side had either the means or the will to compel the other to submit to its political agenda. The conflict has remained, despite border clashes and sporadic incidents, for more than half a century.

Effects of the war
There were several casualties on both sides though the exact figure may never be known.The Korean War created more friction between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war demonstrated the will of the United States to do everything possible to prevent the proliferation of communism. A feeling of enmity developed between China and the United States that would last for decades. Families were split with relatives on either sides of the border. This war created a fear in the United States of the domino effects of communism. The United States intervened in Vietnam to avoid another North Korea. South Korea became an important US military base with thousands of American troops stationed there. The Korean War never ended. The inability of the two sides to resolve their differences has meant that the two Koreans and their allies have had to remain on a battle ready state along the border ever since.

Today South Korea has become a major economic and technological power. North Korea is a poverty-stricken, heavily militarized nation. It is hoped that one day the two Koreans will become one. On October 4 2007 the South Korean Leader Roh Moo-Hyun and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-il signed an eight-point peace agreement on issues of permanent peace, economic cooperation, high-level talks, renewal of highway, air travel and train services. North Korea has carried out a controversial nuclear test and several ballistic missile tests. A nuclear North Korea is a threat to both Japan and South Korea.
Richard Harding Profile
Richard Harding answered
The Korean War 1950.    THREE CAUSES:    1. The division of the Korean Peninsula after World War 2 between the capitalist  (U.S.) supported right wing government of Syngman Rhee and the communist (China and USSR) supported revolutionary government of Kim Il Sung. Kim had fought the Japanese as a guerrilla since the 1930s when they had occupied Korea. After the Japanese had been defeated, he did not want a divided Korea regardless of what Stalin(USSR), Roosevelt (U.S.), and Churchill (Britain) had agreed to at the Treaty of Yalta in 1945. A divided Korea with a right wing U.S. Puppet at the helm of the Southern half was not a tolerable situation for the North.    2. The North invaded in the spring of 1950 making startling gains against the army of the South, even taking Seoul. Under the auspices of the UN, a US led a task force was sent to expel the North's army.      3. Some Japanese troops were allowed to keep their weapons by the U.S. And help "keep order" in the south at the end of WWII. This did nothing to endear Kim (or anyone else) to the situation.      Two Effects:      1. It was the first time the UN charter was invoked and a military force was sent to war under the flag of the United Nations.      2. Chinese involvement led to U.S. General MacArthur calling for the use of atomic weapons on China. U.S. President Harry S.Truman sacked him.           
Aisha Profile
Aisha answered
The Korean War is considered as an escalation of civil war between two rival Korean regimes, supported by external powers. The causes of the war were as follows:
- Toppling of the political governments.
- Refusal of South Korea to hold elections as per North Korea's demands.
The effects of the war were as follows:
- The establishment of Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) which resulted in a few territorial changes along the 38th parallel.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Can some one plz write about how they affected KOREA in DETAIL PLZ I need to write a research paper and no one wrote about how the war affected korea it self in detail.

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