What Were The Causes And Effects Of The DMZ (After The Korean War)?


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Yo Kass Profile
Yo Kass answered
The term DMZ (or demilitarized zone) refers to the a strip of land that divides North and South Korea along the 38th parallel of latitude. The main cause of its existence was the outbreak of the Korean war in 1950 - and the effect of the division was to create a buffer zone between the two nations which acts to diffuse border tensions and hostility.

The division between North and South Korea

The division between North and South Korea was first introduced in the aftermath of the Battle of the Pacific, when allied forces dissected the Korean peninsula into two separate occupied territories along a circle of latitude known as the 38th parallel.
The creation of a North and South Korea was only meant to be a temporary measure, and was intended to give the major allied forces time to develop a government that would be able to control the entire peninsula. However (under the influence of their 'sponsor states') the two territories developed irreconcilable economic and political differences.

What caused the introduction of the Korean DMZ

Despite attempts to reconcile and reunite the two states, war broke out between North and South Korea on the 25th of June 1950. This war claimed over 3 million lives and only came to an end with the Armistice Agreement of 1953.

As part of that agreement, a demilitarized zone was created along the battle front between the two countries. Both sides agreed to withdraw their military presence to 2,200 yards away from the final front of conflict: A line which became known as the Military Demarcation Line (MDL) and runs through the middle of the DMZ.

Effects of the Korean DMZ

Just as the introduction of the DMZ formed a part of the Armistice Agreement that brought fighting to a halt, so the effects of the DMZ are also interlinked with the terms of the same agreement.

Some effects of introducing the DMZ are:
  • The formation of the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission  (NNSC) to oversee enforcement of the border
  • An increased military presence on either side of the DMZ
  • The digging of incursion tunnels by the North
  • Propaganda and show-boating along the border. This includes the use of loudspeakers and radio broadcasts to transmit propaganda, as well as the construction of giant flagpoles and 'peace villages' on either side 
  • The emergence of one of the world's best-preserved nature parks. Prompted by the lack of human inhabitants, several endangered and rare species now inhabit areas between the two countries!
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The Korean Dmz is a piece of land across Korean Peninsula.DMZ was created after the ceasefire of July 27,1953. It was created as each side agreed to move there their troops 2000 m from the border. It created a buffer zone of 4 km. Its main cause was that over three million lives were lost in the conflicts before Korean war, and to avoid major conflicts between South Korea and DPRK.
As far as its effects are concerned, DMZ is devoid of humans, their machineries, other than a large number of mines. In many ways it is still the last front of Cold War.

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